Microbiology as a Basic and Applied Science has been considered as an important discipline of Science, which has implications in various aspects of human welfares like Medicine, Agriculture, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics. Twenty first century is considered to be the period of Biotechnology. In all facets of human life, this discipline is bringing drastic changes. Microorganisms and microbial techniques are the basic tools of Biotechnology. Basic and Industrial research all over the world give prime importance to this discipline. More than fifty percent of the Global investments in industrial research are in this field; which is a signboard to say that future industrial growth is going to be in this direction. The consciousness about the environmental aspects and search for eco-friendly technologies ultimately leads to the biological methods. Agriculture, pest control, vector control, and waste management practices were once heavily depending on chemical industries. Now more and more microbial alternatives have been developed and they are replacing chemical methods.
In the present world scenario education is orienting to have a job value and Universities and academic institutions are remodeling their curriculum to satisfy this social demand.
Microbiology as a subject of high relevance and scope, students can choose industrial, academic or research career. They can choose their further studies in the area of Medical Microbiology, Industrial Microbiology, Plant or Animal Biotechnology, Food and Dairy Microbiology, Immunology, Clinical Virology, Sanitation Microbiology, Biochemistry, Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Environmental Microbiology, Genetic Engineering, Molecular Biology or Bioinformatics. They can also choose a career in any of these disciplines, since there are many industries related to these, which require Microbiologists. Further, if they are interested in Research career, they can choose it without any hesitation since most of the modern Biological researches directly or indirectly need expertise in Microbiological methods.